Making a birdfeeder from a used plastic bottle is easy and simple. Put it up and help wild birds in your area. Another good thing about this birdfeeder is thay it allows you to recycle a bottle at the same time.



Many species of songbirds spend the winter in Bulgaria. Among them are the tits, sparrows, woodpeckers, finches, nuthatches, robins, blackbirds, jays, wrens… Cold and lack of food are the main threats for their life. You can help them survive through winter by feeding them with seeds which are rich in fat and are an invaluable source of energy.



Materials (yellow dots):

  1. A plastic bottle (0.5 or 1.5 l)
  2. Two sticks of about 20 cm (8 in.) – use twigs, pencils, a pair of chopsticks
  3. A cutting/piercing tool – awl, compasses, scissors or a cutting knife
  4. A piece of string (30 cm/12 in.)
  5. Seeds for food (described further down)


7 simple steps (coloured dots):

  1. Clean and dry the bottle to make sure that the seeds would not catch mould.
  2. Cut two holes on the opposite sides of the bottle above its bottom edge for the first stick (see the diagram).
  3. Put the first stick through and make another pair of holes above the first; the second stick has to be roughly perpendicular to the first one. The sticks will serve as perches.
  4. Cut several small holes along the circumference of the bottle about 4 cm (1.5 in.) above the sticks. These are the openings through which the birds take the seeds; keep in mind that if they are too big the seeds will fall out by themselves; one hole should be roughly the average size of a sunflower seed or slightly bigger.
  5. Make two holes at the neck of the bottle and thread the string through. Tie its ends so that it forms a loop for hanging.
  6. Fill the bottle with seeds using a funnel (you can make one from a sheet of cardboard).
  7. Hang the feeder on a tree branch, on your balcony or somewhere in the garden.


Useful tips:

  • Use ONLY raw, unsalted seeds to feed the birds. Sunflower seeds are the best choice.
  • Birds need time to ‘discover’ the new feeder. Sometimes it might take up to two weeks before they gather the courage to explore it.
  • Hang the feeder on a high branch, making sure it cannot be accessed by cats.
  • Supply seeds regularly throughout the winter – after the first snowfall.
  • The most common visitors to your feeder will be the Great and Blue Tits, Nuthatch, Chaffinch and Brambling, Hawfinch, Jay and Pigeon.
  • Buy a bird guide and try to identify your winged guests. Try taking pictures of them with your camera or drawing them.
  • And finally, the most important rule: supply the feeder with seeds regularly!